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An Intelligent HAP for Broadband Wireless Communications: Developments, QoS and Applications

Saeed H. Alsamhi and N. S. Rajput
Department of Electronics Engineering, IIT (BHU), Varanasi, UP, India
Abstract—Aerial telecommunications have been investigated for three decades through the design and evaluation of stratospheric platforms able to offer multiple types of wireless services. HAP may be airplanes or airships and may be manned or unmanned with autonomous operation coupled with remote control from the ground. There is increasing interest in the development of airspace platforms in recent years, for example, HAP carrying equipment for telecommunications, remote sensing or digital broadcasting. The multiple types of platform are able to carry a communication payload at different altitudes. Regarding the altitude of aerial communication, there are three categories of balloons, High Altitude Platforms (HAP), Medium Altitude platform (MAP) and Low Altitude Platform (LAP). HAPs provide an excellent option for emergency communications, their survivability during a disaster and ability to be continuously on station offer an ideal solution for an emergency communications capability. This paper focused on the basic characteristics of communication systems based on HAP, it outlines alternative network architecture scenarios for provision of wireless access to broadband communication services. HAP can coexist with WiMAX in same coverage area. Therefore, these systems can work efficiently and effectively with share frequency to sustain high QoS.
 
Index Terms—CINR, HAP, LAP, LTA, tethered balloon, WiMAX

Cite: Saeed H. Alsamhi and N. S. Rajput, "An Intelligent HAP for Broadband Wireless Communications: Developments, QoS and Applications," International Journal of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 134-143, April 2015. doi: 10.12720/ijeee.3.2.134-143
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