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Promising Energy Sources within the Framework of 2023 Energy Targets in Turkey: Solar and Wind

Mustafa E. Başoğlu and Bekir Çakır
Department of Electrical Engineering, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
Abstract—Signing of Kyoto Protocol in 2009 can be accepted as a milestone for revision of energy policy in Turkey. 2010-2014 Strategic Paper prepared by Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) are published by Turkish Government. Energy targets are explained in this strategic paper. Main point of this strategic paper is to increase the share of renewable energy sources in electricity generation by 30% rate in 2023. Since geographical location of Turkey is suitable for renewable energy, photovoltaic and wind energy have gained importance in recent years. According to the Vision 2023, Turkey aims to reach to 5GW PV and 20GW wind energy capacities by 2023. Since the beginning of 21st century, Turkey has accelerated renewable energy integration into the grid applications. Legal regulations have been finalized and regions with high potential have been identified for photovoltaic application. As of February of 2016, wind and photovoltaic capacities are 4533.6 MW and 290 MW, respectively. Furthermore, West and North West side of Turkey is more convenient for wind applications. North side of Turkey is convenient for photovoltaic applications. With these advantages, it can be commented that solar and wind energy is promising energy sources for Turkey. 
 
Index Terms—vision 2023, energy, Turkey, solar, wind

Cite: Mustafa E. Başoğlu and Bekir Çakır, "Promising Energy Sources within the Framework of 2023 Energy Targets in Turkey: Solar and Wind," International Journal of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 183-188, April 2017. doi: 10.18178/ijeee.5.2.183-188
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