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Module Characteristics and Performance Analysis of Thermoelectric Generators

Pei-Syuan Ruan 1, Shao-Wen Chen 2, Hsiao-Jou Lin 1, Cai-Shi Poh 1, Yu-Hsien Chang 2, Jin-Der Lee2, Jong-Rong Wang2,3, Wei-Keng Lin 1, and Chunkuan Shih 2
1. Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
2. Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
3. Nuclear Science and Technology Development Center in National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Abstract—This paper presents a generalized theoretical model for predicting the module performance of a thermoelectric generator. Thermoelectric modules are solid-state devices which can transform heat into electricity because of operating following the Seebeck effect. They have several advantages such as the absence of mechanical moving parts, long operating life, and high reliability. When designing a thermoelectric generator system, the characteristics such as the resistivity, the thermal conductivity, and the Seebeck coefficient should be taken into account in order to simplify the system design. However, it may need to do the destructive experiment to determine the characteristics of the material. This paper analyses the performances of the thermoelectric generators with distinct number of semiconductor pairs under different temperature difference conditions. The results calculated by theoretical model are then compared with simulation software. All the averaged absolute errors between the theoretical model and simulation are within 6.06%.
 
Index Terms—module characteristics, thermoelectric generators and efficiency

Cite: Pei-Syuan Ruan, Shao-Wen Chen, Hsiao-Jou Lin, Cai-Shi Poh, Yu-Hsien Chang, Jin-Der Lee, Jong-Rong Wang, Wei-Keng Lin, and Chunkuan Shih, "Module Characteristics and Performance Analysis of Thermoelectric Generators," International Journal of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 22-26, June 2018. doi: 10.18178/ijeee.6.2.22-26
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